Hormone Replacement Therapy is a well-known method of treating the unpleasant symptoms of menopause, and it has been prescribed by doctors for more than 50 years. Ever since the 1940s, Hormone Replacement Therapy is helping women lead satisfying lifestyles, and the quality of life and their overall well-being are significantly improved due to the use of this therapy. Modern medicine has made additional enhancements to the method, which means that women nowadays can take the treatment in various forms and different duration. Hormone Replacement Therapy now comes in the form of tablets, cream or gel, skin patches, or even implants that go under the skin, and all of these types have one mutual goal – to facilitate or even eliminate the inconvenient symptoms of menopause.
Menopause is the period in the life of any woman when ovaries start to “shut down,” and they stop creating eggs that can be successfully “fertilized.” In essence, this means that woman can not become pregnant any longer and that menstruation is also gone. Eggs are typically produced every four weeks, and they cause periods. Now, woman’s body is changing and as a result of those changes a whole series of symptoms and side-effects are appearing. Among those symptoms hot flushes, vaginal dryness, mood swings, and loss of sex drive are the most common ones, but many other indirect “problems” and inconveniences arise from this health condition.
The use of artificial hormones
Hormones are the ones who regulate almost every process in our body, and the reproductive functions are not an exception. Estrogen and progesterone are in charge of releasing the eggs from the ovaries and preparing the womb for pregnancy, but these hormones have a whole range of other functions in our overall system. Once a woman’s body stops producing enough of these hormones when it enters menopause – problems and complications arise. The symptoms of menopause have already been numbered earlier in the article, and all of those symptoms can be alleviated or even eliminated with the use of artificial hormones, predominantly progestin. Hormone Replacement Therapy can help soothe the symptoms, but doctors and scientists are still debating and arguing about the pros and cons of this treatment.
Positive and negative aspects of hrt
When it comes to the benefits of using Hormone Replacement Therapy, the most important one is the fact that this method lowers the risk of osteoporosis, cancer of the colon, rectum, and so on. Of course, not to mention that HRT is still the most efficient way to control the symptoms of menopause, which can be very problematic and cause a lot of difficult and frustration moments for any woman.
On the other hand, negative aspects are reflected in the possible side-effects, which include headaches, nausea, vaginal bleeding, and some other similar problems. Some earlier studies were also claiming that HRT can increase the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, heart disease, and stroke, but these risks are significantly lower now that modern methods are in use.
HRT or substitute hormone remedy is a term used while a girl in menopause takes pills to increase ranges of estrogen and progestin in their bodies. Those medications are taken to relieve and soothe the ache related to menopause. The signs are warm vaginal flashes, cramps, and vaginal dryness. So to help with those signs and symptoms girls of their menopause are taking estrogen and progestin drugs. Ladies who removed their uterus can take estrogen alone without progestin. Progestin is taken to create a balance of taking estrogen alone can growth the hazard of cancer.
What’s Hormone replacement remedy?
Hormone alternative remedy is estrogen and progestin therapy for ladies in menopause. While a woman reaches her 40s, she enters a menopause. In other phrases, she stops to have menstruation. Menopause is thought to make girls experience temper changes, flashes of ache inside the vaginal region, and vaginal dryness as well. HRT makes it clean for girls in menopause relieving the pain and making the symptoms nearly disappear.
How does it paintings?
Estrogen is an important hormone within the girl frame. It is answerable for bone increase/regeneration among other things. This is why it is prescribed for osteoporosis as properly. In menopause, estrogen levels in women body is reduced. And this reason causes symptoms that come with menopause. Taking estrogen-alone, or in combination with progestin-estrogen levels are accelerated. Taking estrogen drugs on my own may additionally increase the threat for cancer of the endometrium. Girls who had their uterus removed can take estrogen on my own without the threat of breast cancer or any other for that depend.
What they recommend?
Whilst a female visits a health practitioner regarding an HRT, they typically prescribe a low-dose therapy. Additionally they advise taking as little as viable. If the ache is too much to bear, simplest then have to you’re taking more than one tablet consistent with day. In different words, keep in mind to be consistent taking handiest one tablet of estrogen and one pill of progestin each day. Taking an excessive amount of will growth the hazard for most cancers. Even girls that take regular doses of this remedy ought to check themselves for cancer each four to six months. Menopausal symptoms can be insufferable. Warm flashes of ache, sweating, mood changes, vaginal dryness, and despair, are common for girls in menopause. That is why they have a tendency to take multiple pill of estrogen or progestin. That kind of route not suggested as it increases the danger for most cancers.
There can be other solutions for menopausal signs and symptoms however for now HRT is the satisfactory viable technique. Estrogen pills are nevertheless to nowadays the satisfactory feasible solution for treating those signs and symptoms. It isn’t always best meant for menopause. Progestin, the synthetic model of progesterone is introduced to the remedy to lower the threat of cancer and create a stability inside the body. That is simplest for women who still have their uterus. Women that removed their uterus can take estrogen by myself with none risk of most cancers.
dallas Hormone replacement therapy is usually related to increased chances of heart attack, breast cancer, stroke, blood clots in extremities and lungs. So before mentioning the benefits of taking these medications in your menopause let’s look at the risks. If you are planning to undergo this therapy, consult with your doctor first. Mention if you are a smoker or if you had a history of any family illness. Blood pressure problems, cholesterol levels everything must be taken into consideration. So let’s first look at why is this drug so popular for women in menopause.
Why is it prescribed?
The combination of progestin and estrogen is usually prescribed as a treatment for women in menopause. When a woman reaches her 40s, there are certain changes in her body that are happening. Both estrogen and progestin are female hormones as you might already know. Estrogen eases the pain, hot flashes, and dryness in the vaginal area, sweating and swelling. It also prevents bone tissue degeneration or lower regeneration (osteoporosis) in women in menopause. Progestin is added to this therapy to balance the levels of estrogen and decrease the risk of uterine cancer. Yes, higher levels of estrogen are proven to be linked with increased chances of uterus cancer. But women that had their uterus removed have nothing to fear, and can take estrogen alone.
How should you use it?
HRT or hormone replacement therapy comes in the form of pills in a tablet. They are to be taken daily for as long as the menopause lasts. But due to the link of cancer and estrogen levels, women are advised visit their doctors every five to six months. To help your body adjust to medication, take the medication in the same time of the day. And don’t skip a day. The biggest shock to a woman’s body in this time is a sudden stop. And remember to be consistent. Don’t take one pill one day, and two or three the next day. If you are taking one pill each day, continue to do so. Eventually, if the symptoms become too much of a problem, increase the medication. But remember to do this day at a time.
Side effects of estrogen.
Every drug has more or less side effects. The same rule applies to estrogen and progestin. Women have reported that estrogen makes them also, nervous, create a change in sex drive, gets them acne, difficulty wearing contact lenses. There are also headaches, stomach problems, vomiting and cramps and also diarrhea. So naturally women aren’t too glad about using these pills in their menopause. But as long as it relieves other menopausal symptoms they are fine with it as they are much worse than a headache or stomach problems.
Being a woman in menopause can be tough but luckily medicine and science created these medications to make the problem a bit lighter. There are also some other therapies than HRT but to this day this one has proven to be the best.
Stopping HRT is a big decision and it takes several important factors in the consideration. First of all, the well-being from the therapy removes many unpleasant things in the life. Long-term side effects of the medicine start after five years of the treatment. At that point, the doctor will advise discontinuation of the treatment, and it is up to the patient to decide what they want to do.
On one side they have the possibility of the normal life without any medications, including hormone replacement therapy. Regular exercise and diet will usually keep the symptoms from reoccurring. But this decision carries a risk of re-occurrence of the menopause symptoms. If that happens, then the woman has the choice, to go back to HRT and risk further complication due to aforementioned side effects or to go for other alternative medications.
The other option is to continue with the hormone replacement therapy even after the doctor advises otherwise. This will eliminate the pain, present, and future, but it does come with a price. The price in question is the life in which the chances of several severe conditions increase with every new passing month. Prolonged use of the hormone replacement therapy will enhance the possibility of the damage to your health in the future, and the patient has to decide what they want.
Some women still prefer to continue with the therapy because the pain they feel when they aren’t following the schedule is too strong. They disregard the potential future to live the somewhat peaceful present.
Returning to HRT
Older women tend to come back to HRT even though it isn’t advised. The symptoms, they had fought before, appear once again, and they can’t find proper medication apart from hormone replacement therapy. In a case like this doctor will try all other forms of treatment before they concede and allow another round of HRT. The patients that do go back know all risks they are taking on, and the doctor isn’t responsible for possible complications that may ensue.
But the decision to go back straight to the Hormone therapy is mandatory to some women. They are those who had to go through strong estrogen therapy due to the severity of the symptoms. The medication itself alters the body and it isn’t able to function without the high dose of the hormone. This is the worst possible option, but some women are left without any other viable choices.
Gradual over abrupt stop of HRT
A sudden stop of the HRT may and will cause an imbalance in the body. The body gets used to standard doses of the supplementing hormone and the sharp stop cuts the fuel line. This can lead to many things including the reappearance of the initial menopause symptoms.
Doctors advise gradual stopping of the therapy. This gives the body enough time to adapt to the constant reduction of the estrogen in the body. It might be hard at the beginning, but this is the best way to get off this therapy. You can also use mild antidepressants during this stage.
Hormone replacement therapy is mainly prescribed to women who enter their menopause or who suffer the lack of female hormones after hysterectomy. However, estrogen and progesterone are also used in gender reassignment when a male changes gender to female. Hormone replacement therapy has a number of effects in such case, and we will deal with them in this article.
Why is hormone replacement therapy used in gender reassignment?
Hormone replacement therapy is a big step in the process of gender reassignment. It is also one of the first steps towards the goal of looking as the gender you identify with.
Basically, hormone replacement therapy for hypothyroidism helps the body balance your identity with your endocrine system. For males who change into females, this means that they are about to adapt their endocrine system from male to female. This includes taking anti-androgens, which are testosterone-blocking agents. They are combined with simultaneous use of female hormones – estrogen and progesterone. Such hormone replacement therapy is usually taken before the surgeries, and it serves to start the process of your body’s transformation.
Changes in appearance
When you begin hormone replacement therapy, you will experience a number of changes on your body. They are not very noticeable in the first year, some of them require even more time, but they are certain to happen. First of all, HRT affects the breast growth. It takes around two years for the breast tissue to develop, and it can reach the size around B cup. Body and facial hair decrease due to the lack of testosterone. From some parts of the body it can disappear completely. In other areas such as armpits and genital area, the hair remains but in reduced amounts. Thanks to female hormones, the skin also becomes softer and tenderer.
Fat and muscle mass start changing as well. The distribution of fat switches from stomach to thighs, hips and buttocks. Muscle mass decreases, especially in the upper body part which is characteristic for men.
It is important to point out that the voice cannot change due to the HRT. However, you can raise the pitch of voice through vocal training and adjust the tone and the manner of speaking successfully.
Changes in sexual functions and desire
The hormone replacement therapy changes the appearance and function of male genitals and prostate gland. The size of testicles decreases and even the penis can get smaller in size. Erections become less common (even though they can still occur). The production of sperm is also reduced, and after a while it can disappear completely. The prostate gland reduces in size as well, due to its decreasing function. After a long time of using HRT, infertility is also very likely to appear.
Due to hormone therapy, sex drive can be decreased, but it does not disappear. It is also good to know that the changes in genital size and ejaculation amount do not affect the possibility to orgasm. The changes are inevitable, and as a matter of fact they are one of the goals of the HRT. However, they still allow you to have sex life and you can achieve high quality of it.
Women in their forties and fifties tend to have problems with estrogen levels in their body. This occurs during the menopause. This time of their lives, when they cease to have periods can be difficult. Menopause can cause mood changes, flashes of pain, burning sensations and vaginal dryness. Once the symptoms start women should contact their doctors for prescriptions. Hormone replacement therapy consists of taking prescriptions of estrogen and progesterone pills to increase their estrogen levels. So let’s see the benefits as well as disadvantages of this therapy.
Increasing levels of estrogen
When a woman is in menopause, there are certain changes in their bodies that can occur. Mood changes, hot flashes in the vaginal area, dryness, and sleepless night. All of these mentioned symptoms can confirm that a woman is in menopause. To relieve the pain and help with these symptoms estrogen and progesterone pills are prescribed. They are taken each day for as long as needed. Until the above-mentioned symptoms cease to manifest it is advised to take medication on a daily basis.
The risk of Cancer
While increasing the levels of estrogen in women body can ease the symptoms, it can also increase the risk of breast cancer. This is why every woman should check undergo a regular check up every three to six months when taking these pills. The risks of hormone therapy may also include heart-related problems, blood cloths, and breast cancer. When estrogen pills are prescribed for menopause, they also come with additional medications. This is important because taking estrogen pills alone significantly increases breast cancer risk as mentioned before.
Who should undergo hormone replacement therapy?
Despite the potential health risk, estrogen pills are still the best method for treating menopausal symptoms. The thing is that beneficial part of taking estrogen overpowers the negative side effects if you are healthy. Estrogen pills aren’t only beneficial for menopause. They also improve bone regeneration. If you have any disease related to bone degeneration taking estrogen will regenerate bone fragments. Eventually, after taking the pill for some time, the bone will regenerate.
Who should avoid this therapy?
Women that entered their menopause earlier and those who removed their ovaries have a higher risk of osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, and Parkinsonisms. So talk to your doctor about what medication you should take while in menopause. The prescription might be different if you had a history of heart disease in your family. Make sure you mention every symptom that you noticed before you go and ask for estrogen pills.
So to avoid any necessary risks talk to your doctor about what should be the best approach. Relieving the pain and other symptoms of menopause can be done with hormone replacement therapy. However, the more important matter is your health in the long term. Making a problem disappear only to have bigger problems in the future isn’t the way to go. This way you will only make matters more difficult for you.