Hormone Replacement Therapy is a well-known method of treating the unpleasant symptoms of menopause, and it has been prescribed by doctors for more than 50 years. Ever since the 1940s, Hormone Replacement Therapy is helping women lead satisfying lifestyles, and the quality of life and their overall well-being are significantly improved due to the use of this therapy. Modern medicine has made additional enhancements to the method, which means that women nowadays can take the treatment in various forms and different duration. Hormone Replacement Therapy now comes in the form of tablets, cream or gel, skin patches, or even implants that go under the skin, and all of these types have one mutual goal – to facilitate or even eliminate the inconvenient symptoms of menopause.
Menopause is the period in the life of any woman when ovaries start to “shut down,” and they stop creating eggs that can be successfully “fertilized.” In essence, this means that woman can not become pregnant any longer and that menstruation is also gone. Eggs are typically produced every four weeks, and they cause periods. Now, woman’s body is changing and as a result of those changes a whole series of symptoms and side-effects are appearing. Among those symptoms hot flushes, vaginal dryness, mood swings, and loss of sex drive are the most common ones, but many other indirect “problems” and inconveniences arise from this health condition.
The use of artificial hormones
Hormones are the ones who regulate almost every process in our body, and the reproductive functions are not an exception. Estrogen and progesterone are in charge of releasing the eggs from the ovaries and preparing the womb for pregnancy, but these hormones have a whole range of other functions in our overall system. Once a woman’s body stops producing enough of these hormones when it enters menopause – problems and complications arise. The symptoms of menopause have already been numbered earlier in the article, and all of those symptoms can be alleviated or even eliminated with the use of artificial hormones, predominantly progestin. Hormone Replacement Therapy can help soothe the symptoms, but doctors and scientists are still debating and arguing about the pros and cons of this treatment.
Positive and negative aspects of hrt
When it comes to the benefits of using Hormone Replacement Therapy, the most important one is the fact that this method lowers the risk of osteoporosis, cancer of the colon, rectum, and so on. Of course, not to mention that HRT is still the most efficient way to control the symptoms of menopause, which can be very problematic and cause a lot of difficult and frustration moments for any woman.
On the other hand, negative aspects are reflected in the possible side-effects, which include headaches, nausea, vaginal bleeding, and some other similar problems. Some earlier studies were also claiming that HRT can increase the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, heart disease, and stroke, but these risks are significantly lower now that modern methods are in use.